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religious policy of aurangzeb

By December 26, 2020Uncategorized

The state of religious policy during Aurangzeb can be determined by the words of M. L. Roy Choudhury, “ The year 1669 A.D. is a memorable year in the history of iconoclasm in India. In June 1626, after an unsuccessful rebellion by his father, Aurangzeb and his brother Dara Shukoh were kept as hostages under their grandparents' (Nur Jahan and Jahangir) Lahore court. He was a strict follower of the Sunni sect, to the extent that he persecuted the members of the Shia sect. Aurangzeb’s religious policy in a rigid framework, based on his personal religious beliefs. And many ceremonies and festivals were banned that time. 1.1 In his well-known book, The Religious Policy of the Mughal Emperors , dedicated to Sir Jadunath Sarkar, S. R. Sharma not only calls Aurangzeb a puritan, but postulates that "Muslim theology triumphed" with his accession, (p. 1 18). From the standpoint of Aurangzeb’s Hindu subjects, the real impact of his policies may have started to have been felt in 1668-69. He put ban on the practice, which were considered as against Is­lamic spirit. Aurangzeb felt that he was superior not only had he become superior to administer the empire in a better way but also to protect and strengthen Islam particularly its Sunni faith. He reimposed the jiziya, the hated poll-tax on non- Muslims, which the wise and compassionate Akbar had abolished early in his region. As a ruler, Aurangzeb had to contend with many political, economic, social and administrative problems. Aurangzeb banned the festival of Nauroz, as it was considered as Zoroastrian practice favored by the Safavid rulers of Iran. So, the religious policies of both Akbar and Aurangzeb are the most differing, according to the stances taken by them. The religion policy of Mughal was largely the reflection of the personal religious views etc. During Jahangir’s reign, except some occasional outbursts of religious zeal towards Islam, the State maintained the spirit of religious tolerance towards all its subjects.. Shah Jahan, when compared to his father Akbar, undoubtedly favoured Islam: it can be substantiated from the facts that … keen to ensure that the state did not violate the sharia, he … Aurangzeb thought that the death of the Raja had provided him with a further opportunity to advance in his policy of humiliating the Rajas and the Hindus in general. It was a very narrow and ortho­doxy kind of policy taken by Aurangzeb. Aurangzeb’s religious ideas and beliefs on the one hand, and his political or public policies on the other, however, clashed on many occasions and he faced difficult choices. Conclusion Historians are deeply divided when it comes to Aurangzeb's reign and his religious policies. The religious policy of Akbar is known as 'Din-e-ilahi', which literally means the integrity of all the religions. Aurangzeb has been criticized by historians on the eve of his religious policy and administration. The author then goes on to list the various acts of oppression or bigotry perpetrated by Aurangzeb during his long Aurangzeb was born on 3 November 1618, in Dahod, Gujarat.He was the third son and sixth child of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal. Many temples were also destroyed that time. Religious Policy. Religious policy of Aurangzeb was based on the Islamic theory of kinship. According to some, he is known to have turned Akbar's policy of religious toleration and thus weakening the loyalty of the hindus towards Mughals in turn, leading to communal uproars and uprisings which eroded the vitality of the empire. Hindu religious fairs were outlawed in 1668, and an edict of the following year prohibited construction of Hindu temples as well as the repair of old ones. 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